Following a rejected Batman origin story reboot Joss Whedon pitched in December 2002, Warner Bros. hired Christopher Nolan and David S. Goyer to script Batman Begins. The duo aimed for a darker and more realistic tone, with humanity and realism being the basis of the film. The film was released in 2005 starring Christian Bale in the title role. Nolan returned to direct two further installments in the trilogy with Bale reprising his role in both films. The two sequels both earned over $1 billion worldwide.